Marijuana 2018 Ballot Initiatives

Next week, among numerous other decisions that voters will make about the future direction of local, state, and federal authorities, voters in four states will also have the opportunity to weigh in legalizing medicinal or recreational marijuana. We wanted to give a brief overview and snapshot of the status for each ballot initiative. We’ll look to update this page next week after the election results are in.


  • Michigan: It may be too little, too late to stop the momentum toward legalizing recreational marijuana in Michigan. The attack ads are ramping up, but the number of undecideds has diminished considerably in the final weeks before the election. And with the latest poll showing a 17-point lead, it’s looking increasingly likely that the ballot initiative will pass.


  • Missouri: This is undoubtedly the most confusing of the four states with marijuana ballot initiatives this year. And that’s because in Missouri, there are three ballot initiatives, including two constitutional amendments and a separate ballot proposition. And so, while at least one if not multiple initiatives are likely to pass, it’s unclear which ones will prevail and this might ultimately impact the implementation of medical marijuana in the state.


  • Utah: This might be the most interesting one of all. Arguably, nowhere in the country is there a starker divide between the support for hard-luck medical cases and a broader cultural resistance against recreational marijuana. And then there’s also the influence of the LDS Church which came out against the ballot initiative. While the polls initially seemed to indicate strong support for medical marijuana, the latest polls now make the outcome seem like more of a toss-up.


  • North Dakota: The opposite dynamic is playing out in North Dakota in which early polling and a traditionally conservative electoral made recreational marijuana legalization seem far-fetched. More recent polling suggests that independent, libertarian, and younger voters are in support of legalization and poised to come out and vote this election.


Cannabis News: Legalization in Canada is a site devoted to resources regarding both medicinal and recreational use of Marijuana. However, we do like to report and discuss important breaking and ongoing news. This legalization move is too large and important to ignore. On June 19th, 2018, Canada voted to legalize recreational marijuana use. They are the second country to do so in the world.


The bill, which was first approved by the House of Commons, must be approved by the governor-general for a final approval. This legislation is expected to create a multibillion dollar industry and pave the way for future legalization processes around the world.


Tony Dean, the senator who sponsored the bill in the chamber, told the New York Times, “Now we can start to tackle some of the harms of cannabis. We can start to be proactive in public education. We’ll see the end of criminalization and we can start addressing Canada’s $7 billion illegal market.” The bill will foster a culture around cannabis knowledge and education and likely decrease cannabis-driven organized crime.


Provincial governments will need eight to twelve weeks to prepare retailing systems, but experts say the recreational industry should be in full-swing by late October of 2018. The legislation itself was an essential piece of President Justin Trudeau’s platform in the 2015 election campaign. Additionally, the way in which Canada’s system will operate is not yet known, but the government is expected to make public detailed regulations in the coming months.


There will, however, be some limitations around cannabis sales. There will be strict limits on advertising marijuana, and experts speculate that it will likely be sold in uniform packages that carry health warnings. Initially, candies, baked goods, and other forms of edible marijuana products will continue to be banned. The minimum age for use will be 18 or 19 years old, but individual provinces are authorized to make those determinations individually.


Once formally approved, adults will be able to carry and share up to 30 grams of legal marijuana in public. They will also be allowed to cultivate up to four plants or prepare products for personal use. Initially, marijuana availability will vary across the country. However, with time, availability will become widespread; in Newfoundland and Labrador, marijuana will be available in grocery stores.

Dennis Peron, a California activist and ‘father of medical marijuana,’ died at 72


From the Washington Post:

SAN FRANCISCOIn numerous communities and jurisdictions around the country, cannabis is now a widely accepted part of the culture, including both the medical and entertainment industries. But as cannabis grows increasingly mainstream, there’s a tendency to forget the pioneers who came before us. Dennis Peron, a marijuana activist who championed the medical benefits of cannabis for AIDS patients, died from lung cancer on Jan. 27, 2018 at the age of 72. He was also a big part of the movement to pass Prop 215 that legalized medical use in the state in 1996.


Cannabis as a Tool for General Research and Scientific Discovery

Cannabis is sometimes described as a miracle weed. As part of our ethos, Cannabis News defaults toward skepticism—but honest skepticism. From stories of dramatic improvement in childhood epilepsy to the plant’s many industrial uses, there are legitimate reasons to appreciate what the plant can offer. Whether or not it’s a miracle, there are truly distinctive qualities about the plant that warrant ongoing scientific inquiry. Beyond the proximal effects of the substance itself, cannabis has the potential to unlock all kinds of general research and scientific discovery. Check it out:


  1. The Role of Genetic Diversity.

Cannabis is one of the most genetically diverse species on Earth. For perspective, there can be more genetic diversity between different strands of cannabis than there is between humans and chimpanzees. Too often, cannabis gets broken down into binary categories: sativa vs. indica, high-THC recreational marijuana vs. high-CBD medical marijuana. But the reality is much, much more complicated. Even individual strains with branded names are something of a myth.


Interestingly, human history and cannabis prohibition played a large, if hidden, role in the diversification of the cannabis plant. While other commercial crops have been homogenized to just a few seeds and genetic lines with desirable and reliably expressed traits, marijuana has been cultivated in countless places that were isolated from each other. It helps that cannabis can be grown in tropical, moderate, and subarctic climates. Moreover, humans have cultivated cannabis since the early days of human civilization. Cannabis makes the delineation of dog breeds look like child’s play.


  1. Better Medications and Pharmacology.

From post-traumatic stress to childhood epilepsy, from pain relief to generalized anxiety, as well as plenty of other medical conditions, there’s a growing body of literature about the medical uses, side effects, and limitations attached to medical marijuana. There are definitely cases of miraculous results, especially with childhood epilepsy, but like so many medications, what works for one person may not work for another.


Again, both as a kind of blessing and curse, there are an almost endless number of strains and consumption methods that can influence how cannabis affects your physiology. Some of these differences are obvious. Have respiratory distress? You’ll probably want to avoid smoking your cannabis, for example. Others come from trial-and-error and rigorous scientific study. The good news is that there are already some links we’ve discovered. Again, childhood epilepsy provides the best example. Charlotte’s Web is a particular strain of cannabis that has been particularly effective in treating childhood epilepsy. What other cannabis strains might be targeted medications for particular medical ailments? Multiple studies are underway in an attempt to make these connections.


  1. Sustainable Farming and Land-Use Policies.

This is full of potential and potential pitfalls. The hemp plant is one of the heartiest and fastest-growing plants out there. It also plenty of commercial uses starting with textiles. One acre of hemp fiber is the equivalent of two to three acres of cotton, and one acre of hemp paper is the equivalent of two to four acres of trees, according to Hemp Basics. On the other hand, marijuana production methods have been anything but environmentally-friendly. Here, too, cannabis prohibition played a big role by forcing indoor marijuana grow operations. By some estimates, one percent of the electricity used in the United States goes toward indoor marijuana grow operations. Even outdoors, too many marijuana farms are located in areas that require extensive development and have an unexpectedly high impact on the surrounding ecosystem.


It’s a challenge and an opportunity, both introduced by the growing scale of the legal cannabis industry. Perhaps the good news is that many industry actors and the larger cannabis culture seems to recognize the issue. The Cannabis Sustainability Symposium is just one recent example of the cannabis agricultural community come together to discuss current best practices and potential solutions for the future of cannabis cultivation.